a. Breach of confidentiality, loss of autonomy, and study procedures
b. Study procedures, breach of confidentiality, and loss of employment
c. Invasion of privacy, adverse reaction to study drug, and discrimination
d. Invasion of privacy, breach of confidentiality, and study procedures
d. Invasion of privacy, breach of confidentiality, and study procedures are the three categories of risk of harm in social and behavioral sciences. These risks are taken very seriously in research, and protocols are put in place to minimize the likelihood and severity of harm to participants. Invasion of privacy involves the violation of an individual’s personal space, whereas breach of confidentiality pertains to the unauthorized disclosure of private information about participants. Study procedures refer to the potential harm caused by the methods used to collect data, which can include psychological distress, discomfort, and physical harm.